DNA/RNA Blotting Workflow

Purification, characterization, and identification of nucleic acids (DNA or RNA) often require analysis of the target in blotting applications. Nucleic acids are usually separated by size using gel electrophoresis and transferred to a membrane for detection using a complementary probe.

Nucleic acid blotting applications require high specificity. The probes used go a long way to providing this specificity, due to the uniqueness of the target sequence. But sensitivity also depends on the abundance of the target and the quality of the reagents available for detection.Vector Laboratories supports your research by offering a wide range of reagents and kits for DNA/RNA detection and analysis on blots.

Step 1 Labeling


Label nucleic acid probes with tags such as biotin, digoxigenin (DIG), DNP, or fluorescein using one-step direct methods, thiol-based indirect labeling, or specific 5' and 3' end tagging techniques. The choice of label depends on many factors, including the sensitivity desired and instrumentation available for detection.

DNA / RNA Labeling

Step 2 Characterization


Purify labeled probes using affinity chromatography, then confirm probe customization and label incorporation. For example, purify biotinylated probes using agarose-immobilized Streptavidin and then use the QuantTag Biotin Quantitation kit to determine the number of biotin molecules incorporated in each strand of nucleic acid.

Biotin Quantitation Molecular Biology Reagents

Step 3 Hybridization


Apply the labeled probe to the blot to detect the target nucleic acid. Optimize the probe concentration and buffer conditions to ensure effective annealing to complementary sequences.

Step 4 Blocking


Reduce non-specific binding of the detection reagents for the membrane with blocking reagents. Failure to do so can lead to background.

Protein Blocking Solutions

Step 5 Detection


Apply the labeled detection reagent to the blot to detect the probe. Choose from avidin/streptavidin-, enzyme-, or fluorescence-based detection methods and kits.

Fluorophore Conjugated Avidin/Strteptavidin Enzyme Conjugated Avidin/Streptavidin Antibodies to Tags & Labels Secondary Antibodies VECTASTAIN® ABC Kits (HRP) VECTASTAIN® ABC AP Kits (AP)

Step 6 Visualization


IF using an enzymatic detection method, visualize the labeled probe or antibody with an appropriate substrate for chromogenic or chemiluminescent/ chemifluorescent detection.

Enzyme Substrates